In this article, Stewart reviews the rules and regulations promulgated by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission to govern attorney conduct in response to congress’s passing the Sarbanes-Oxley legislation in 2002, and juxtaposes those rules and regulations with conflicting ethical standards enacted by the states. He then, based upon a recent decision of the Second Circuit Court of Appeals, predicts the likely outcome of preemption litigation that will one day ensue as a result of the conflict.